Самоподготовка 7 класс — I четверть

The 1-st term

1. Underline the word with the same or similar meaning.
Example: to destroy
a) to kill   b) to break   c) to fight

1.  to damage
a) to be out of luck   b) to hurt   c) to be in trouble

2.  a disaster
a) danger   b) trouble    c) luck

3.  research
a) an experiment   b) an achievement c) an exploration

4.  awful
a) terrible   b) hard   c) exciting

5.  misty
a) stormy    b) foggy    c) rainy

2 Choose the word which best completes the sentence. Underline the word you have chosen.

Example: I’m sure that one day the scientists will … most of medical problems.
a) take   b) solve    c) explore

1.  The famous actor was shaking … laugh.
a) with   b) from    c) to

2.  «Why is the little girl crying?» — «She has dropped her cup and … it.»
a) broke    b) brought    c) destroyed

3.  He was … hurt during the earthquake.
a) quickly   b) badly   c) well

4.  A modern spaceship was … 3 days ago.
a) taken   b) flown    c) launched

5.  Where is she doing her research … this serious problem?
a) of   b) on    c) in

6.  The hurricane did a lot of … to the town.
a) damage   b) disasters    c) problems

3 The word in capitals above each of the following sentences can be used to form a word that fits suitably in the blank space. Fill each blank in this way.

Example: DISASTER
More than 200 people were killed during the disastrous hurricane in 1992.

1. RESEARCH
The young … has received a small grant to continue his exploration.

2.  EXPLORE
Have you read his article about space …?

3.  LOVE
It’s a … day, isn’t it?

4.  NATURE
… disasters, such as tornadoes and hurricanes, can damage houses and hurt people.

5.  FOG
I’ll stay at home. I hate walking on a … day.

6.  OUT
The spaceman climbed into his spacesuit and soon he was in … space.

4 Make all the changes and additions neces­sary to create sentences from the following sets of words and phrases. Be careful with grammar tenses (the past continuous and the past simple).

Example: The children / play / tennis / for two hours / yesterday.— The children played tennis for two hours yesterday.

1.  The little girl / cry / the whole evening / yesterday.
2.  It / snow / all day long / yesterday.
3.  What / you / do,/ at 4 p.m. / yesterday?
4.  He / look / at the sky / when / the boy / touch / him.
5.  The old lady / watch TV / when / the tele­phone / ring.
6.  Where / you / stand / when / you / hear / this terrible sound?

5. Complete the sentences. Be careful with grammar tenses (the past perfect and the past simple).

Example: The girl… never (hear) his name before the concert.— The girl had never heard his name before the concert.

1.  The terrible hurricane … (destroy) all the houses by that time.
2.  The pilot … (finish) his flight by 3 p.m. yesterday.
3.  When the professor … (come) the students … already … (collect) their thoughts.
4.  She … already … (read) the article when I … (phone) her.
5.  … (find) already you the documents when they … (come)?
6.  What … (see) Steve … before he … (change) his mind?

6.Choose the correct answer. Underline it.

1.  He … troubled yesterday.
a) looked   b) is looking    c) had looked

2.  They … football from 2 p.m. till 5 p.m. yesterday.
a) played    b) were playing    c) had played

3.  He … his work by that time.
a) finished b) was finishing c) had finished

4.  What … you … at 7 p.m. yesterday?
a) did … do    b) were … doing c)had … done

5.  Where … you … your summer holidays?
a) did … spend    b) were … spending c) had … spent

6.  How many countries … they … by that time?
a) did … visit    b) were visiting    c) had visited

7 Read an article about Antarctica. For questions 1-3, choose an answer (А, В, С, or D) which you think fits best according to the text.

What is Antarctica?
Antarctica is a continent that is right at the southern tip of the planet. If you try to find it on a globe, you will see that it is at the bottom.
It takes up one-tenth of the Earths surface and is covered with a blanket of ice that can be 1500 thick metres. The South Pole is right in the mid­dle of Antarctica.
Antarctica is the coldest continent, as well as the driest, the highest and the windiest. Very few people live there all year round. Scientists stay there for short periods, living in specially built research stations.
Summer in Antarctica is between October and March. During this time there is non-stop day­light. In winter, April to September, the opposite happens and Antarctica is dropped into six months of constant darkness.
In Antarctica it is colder than you can possi­bly imagine, even in the summer! The South Pole is the coldest part of Antarctica. The average temperature for January, the middle of the sum­mer, is minus 28 degrees Celsius (-28 °C).
In winter, April to September, the average temperature at the South Pole can be as cold as -89 °C. When it is that cold, a mug of boiling water thrown in the air would freeze before it hit the ice. Sometimes the scientists have to use fridges to keep their samples* warm.

1.  Antarctica is the coldest place on the Earth. What other records does it hold?
A.  driest and cloudiest
B.  wettest and windiest
C.  windiest and driest
D.  cloudiest and highest

2.  Why do most people who visit Antarctica choose not to go there between April and September?
A.  because it is summer in Antarctica
B.  because there is non-stop daylight during this time
C.  because it is a period of constant darkness
D.  because it is too dry and sunny

3.  Why do the scientists have to use fridges to keep their samples warm?
A.  because it is too hot outside
B.  because of wild animals
C. because of constant darkness
D. because it is too cold outside

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