Самоподготовка 7 класс — 2 четверть

The 2-nd term

I   Match the words (and phrases) which have opposite meanings.

1.  to prohibit
2.  to protect
3.  to pollute
4.  to throw
5.  to drop litter
6.  to be in danger
7.  to avoid doing something
a)  to damage
b)  to clear rubbish away
c)  to be out of danger
d)  to allow
e)  to enjoy doing something
f)  to clean
g)  to catch

II Complete each sentence with one of the words or phrases below.

pollution, rubbish, cans, environment, packaging, protect, is thrown, in danger, prohibited, pollute, bins, clearing up.

  1. People get a lot of food from the sea. But we have made the sea a very dirty place.
  2. If we are not careful, … will kill many of the animals and plants in the sea.
  3. A lot of rubbish … into the sea. Sea animals, fish and birds are …. Some animals try to eat the …. they die.
  4. Oil (нефть) from big ships, chemicals and waste … the sea and kill whales and dolphins, fish and sea birds.
  5. Luckily many people realize now that we must look after the sea and … it. They say polluting the sea should be strictly …. Groups of people who care about the … spend their free time … litter from the beaches. People collect …, bottles and … and put them into different… for further recycling.

III  The word in capitals above each of the following sentences can be used to form a word that fits suitably in the blank space. Fill each blank in this way.

Example: RECYCLE
After «the clear up day» in the park the students took the rubbish to the local recycling centre.

1.  POLLUTE
… is one of the most serious and crucial world’s problems of our day.

2.  PROTECT
The young woman didn’t know where to look for … .

3.  ENVIRONMENT
Some of the first… organizations in the world started in Britain.

4.  DANGER
It was a very … journey.

5.  USE
When the young people first came to Ireland, they weren’t … to cold weather.

6.  PROHIBIT
Smoking is strictly … in the office.

IV Fill in the definite article the if needed.

The official name of the country is … United Kingdom of … Great Britain and … Northern Ireland. The country is situated in … British Isles. The two main islands are: … Great Britain (in which are … England, Wales and Scotland) and … Ireland. … United Kingdom is not far from … Europe.

… UK is washed by … Atlantic Ocean in the east and by … North Sea in the west. The high­est mountains are in … Scotland and … Wales: … Ben Nevis (1,343 metres) and … Snowdon (1,085 metres). The longest rivers are … Severn (345 kilometres) and … River Thames (346 kilometres).

… UK is one of the world’s smallest countries (it is half the size of … France or … Spain). The largest cities of … Great Britain are … London, … Birmingham and … Glasgow.

V Complete the sentences, using Conditional II and III.

Example: If we … (throw away) less rubbish, our planet would be nicer and cleaner.— If we threw away less rubbish, our planet would be nicer and cleaner.

1. If people … (take) bottles, newspapers and cans to special bins, they could be recycled. „
2. If I … (be) you, I would join Greenpeace.
3.  If we didn’t pollute our seas, they … (be) full of fish.
4.  If I were you, I … (continue) the exploration.
5.  If you had read these books, you … (know) more about this environmental problem.
6.  If we had protected the environment seriously, our planet … (be) out of danger.
7.  If people … (avoid) damaging nature, many species of animals wouldn’t have disappeared.
8.  If she … (hear) the conversation, she wouldn’t have come there.

 

VI  Choose the correct translation of the sentences.

1.  If you took the medicine, you would feel better.
a)  Если бы вы приняли лекарство, то чувствовали бы себя лучше (сейчас).
b)  Если вы будете принимать лекарство, то почувствуете себя лучше.
c)  Если бы вы принимали лекарство, то вы чувствовали бы себя лучше (тогда).

2.  If people had thought about their future, they wouldn’t have cut down forests.
a) Если люди будут думать о своем буду­щем, то они не будут вырубать леса.
b) Если бы люди подумали о своем буду­щем, то они не вырубали бы сейчас леса.
c) Если бы люди думали о своем будущем, то они не вырубили бы леса.

VII Read the text. For the questions (1, 2, 4) choose the answer (a, b, с or d) which you think fits best according to the text. For the questions (3, 5) write a short answer.

Dead Sea in Danger

The Dead Sea, the saltiest body of water of the earth and a wonderful natural treasure, is becom­ing smaller and smaller because of decisions by people to use part of its waters.
The Dead Sea is located at the lowest point of the earth, almost 400 metres below sea level. It is 50 kilometres long. Just 40 years ago it stretched 80 kilometres in length.
One of the main reasons for the sea’s shrink­ing* is lack of water. 90% of the waters that flow from the Jordan River, which traditionally goes into the Dead Sea, is taken for drinking and ag­riculture in Israel and Jordan.
Besides, local industry adds to the Dead Sea’s problems. They use the water for getting neces­sary minerals. It’s a real disaster for the Sea.
Now hundreds of thousands of tourists come to the Dead Sea every year. Its water is so salty that a man can read a newspaper comfortably while lying on his back on the water. The water contains a lot of sulphur», and the thick black mud*» that is found at the sea’s beach is very use­ful for people with skin diseases. Tourists treat their bodies with the black mud, but they don’t think about the Dead Sea’s troubles.
It can be saved — but time is running out.

* shrinking — уменьшение
** sulphur — сера
*** mud — грязь

1.  Where is the Dead Sea located?
a) At the highest point of the Earth
b) At the hottest place of the Earth
c) At the lowest point of the Earth
d) At the coldest place of the Earth

2.  According to the text how long is the Dead Sea now?
a) 400 metres
b) 50 kilometres
c) 80 kilometres
d) 40 kilometres

3.  Find and write down the sentence that says why the Dead Sea is in danger?

4.  What are two main reasons for taking off part of the Dead Seas water?
a) Thousands of tourists come to the Sea to treat their diseases; the Dead Sea’s water is used by local industry.
b) People take water from the Jordan River for their needs; they use the Dead Sea’s water for getting necessary minerals.
c) Local industry uses its black mud; people take the Sea’s water for agriculture and drinking.
d) 90% of the Jordan waters is taken for drinking and agriculture in Israel and Jordan; thousands of tourists come to the Sea for treating.

5.  Why does the text finish with the words: It can be saved — but time is running out? Explain your answer.

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