Открытый урок «Travelling… what for?» 8 класс

Цели:

  1. Обучающая
    1. формировать лексические навыки по теме “ Travelling …what for?»;
    2. формировать навыки чтения с целью поиска конкретной информации; чтения с общим охватом содержания;
    3. формировать диалогические умения говорить на основе прочитанного;
    4. грамматические навыки — развивать способность к обобщению при овладении грамматическим явлением ( Future Progressive).
  2. Воспитательная- прививать интерес к культуре изучаемого языка, воспитание умения работать в сотрудничестве с другими,азвитие мышления, воображения, привитие навыков самостоятельной работы.
  3. Образовательная- знакомить учащихся с достопримечательностями Лондона,с культурой общения ( речевой этикет), правилами написания письма.
  4. Развивающая- продолжить формирование навыков общения, навыков работы с интерактивными моделями как виртуальным отображением реальных процессов и явлений. Развивать мыслительные операции (способность устанавливать логические связи). 

ВИДЫ речевой деятельности: говорение, чтение, аудирование, письмо.

Предполагаемые формы и методы:

  1. Монологическая речь
  2. Диалогическая речь
  3. Работа в парах
  4. Работа в группах
  5. Фронтальный опрос
  6. Аудирование
  7. Наглядность

Учебник: Кузовлев В.П., «English VIII», Activity Book 8

Учебные пособия: магнитная доска, карточки с речевыми образцами, презентация PowerPoint по теме» Sights of London», задания для учащихся, фотографии достопримечательностей Великобритании.

Аппаратное обеспечение: компьютер, интерактивная доска

Презентация урока: Travelling… what for?

ХОД УРОКА

I. Организационный момент

a) Учитель приветствует учеников (звучит спокойная музыка).

Т: Good morning, boys and girls. Nice to meet you. Take your seats, please, and get ready for the lesson. How are you today? Are you fine? That’s nice. Who is on duty today? What date is it today and who is absent?

b) Сообщение цели и задач урока. Введение в тему. What will we speak about?

We will speak about travelling.

The theme of our lesson is” Travelling…what for?” Today we’ll have an unusual lesson. I ‘d like to invite you to the UK. We’ll speak  about London’s sights.  Look at the blackboard, you see the words

«Есть многое на свете, друг Горацио, что и не снилось вашим мудрецам»

У. Шекспир Гамлет, принц Датский

So ,what is your opinion? What is your attitude to travelling?

II.Фонетическая и   речевая разминка.

Учащиеся составляют вопросы по опорам и отвечают ( применить опоры построения вопросительных предложений)

  1. go abroad / on holidays / you
  2. afford / travelling abroad / your parents
  3. favourite / holiday destination / your
  4. always / discuss / on holidays / you / your parents / where to go
  5. holiday accommodation / prefer / you
  6. favourite / way of travelling / your

The questions:

  1. Do you go abroad on holidays?
  2. Can your parents afford traveling abroad?
  3. What is your favourite holiday destination?
  4. Do your parents always discuss with you where to go holidays?
  5. What holiday accommodation do you prefer?
  6. What is your favourite way of traveling? 

III. Поисковое чтение с  общим охватом содержания.

Предъявляются фото с видами Лондона и тексты с описанием. Учащиеся ищут описания.

IV. Развитие навыков диалогической речи

Развитие навыков диалогической речи с применением фраз вежливого обращения, если что-то непонятно. Ознакомление упр.4,5, стр. 61( учебник)

Test

Make complete sentences by joining one half in the first column (1-8) with the other half second column (A-F). Two beginnings are extra.

  1. Could …
  2. I’m afraid …
  3. Would you mind …
  4. I’m sorry, I didn’t …
  5. I’m sorry but …
  6. May …
  7. Could you …
  8. Would it be possible … 
  1. … catch how to fill in this form.
  2. … saying it a bit more slowly, please?
  3. … explain that again, please?
  4.  … to repeat what time we are leaving tomorrow?
  5. …   you  give  me  information  about расkage tours to London, please?
  6. … I ask you something? 

Answers: 1E, 2-, 3B, 4A, 5-, 6F, 7C, 8D

V. Закрепление грамматических навыков

What will you be doing in London?

Напомнить формулу построения Future Progressive .

Учащиеся составляют предложения .

VI. Аудирование с опорой на текст( если останется время)

Упр. IV, стр. 72(стр.242)

VII.        Подведение итогов, объяснение домашнего задания.

The hometask is AB ex.22, p.32

Now, I’d like to say a few words in conclusion. It’s great when people have an opportunity to travel and explain their outlook. I see you like traveling very much and know a lot of interesting things about it. Well, our lesson is almost over.

Thank you for your work. Your marks for the lesson are following…

Have you got any questions?

Good-Bye!

( Выставляются оценки за работу на уроке и дается домашнее задание )

Приложение I

LONDONSIGHTSEEING

Hyde Park is one of the wonderful parks in Lon­don. There is a car park for 500 cars and also a tube station. On the north of Hyde Park there is a very famous place called «Speaker’s Corner», where on Sundays any person can talk on any subject.

Trafalgar Square is in the centre of London. It was built in 1828. In the middle of Trafalgar Square is Nelson’s Column. Admiral Nelson defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. From that time En­glish men wear black ties.

This Column is fifty meters high. A lot of demon­strations and public meetings take place here. It’s a famous square where on New Year’s Eve people gather to celebrate.

The National Gallery. The whole of the north side of Trafalgar Square is dominated by the Na­tional Gallery. It houses one of the finest art collec­tions in the world. It includes paintings from Brit­ain, Italian, Spanish, French, Dutch, Flemish and other famous schools. It has a priceless collection of paintings by the famous artists Van Gogh, Rubens, Constable and many others.

The Tower of London is a very old building — nine hundred years old. In the early days of England the British (English) kings lived in the Tower. Then it was a prison where many people died. Black ravens had much food near the walls of the Tower in those days.

Now it’s a museum housing the National Collection of Armour and Royal Regalia. Many tourists from other countries come to see it. They see the dark stone halls with small windows and thick doors. The Tower is still guarded by the famous Beefeaters who wear a traditional Sixteenth century uniform.

Tower Bridge was opened in 1894. It takes its name from the Tower of London. The huge mechanism can raise and lower the bridge in about one and a half min­utes.

The covered walkway between the two towers is open to the public and offers a spectacular view of Lon­don.

St. Paul’s Cathedral is the city’s greatest monu­ment. It was built by Sir Christopher Wren in 1675-1710, to replace the old Cathedral that was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. The Cathedral is second in size only-to St. Peter’s in Rome.

Between the two west towers rises the famous dome. It’s 365 feet high and beneath it is the celebrated «Whis­pering Gallery». Wren is buried there, also Wellington and Nelson.

Buckingham Palace is an official residence of the Queen and her family. It isn’t open to the public.

When the Queen is in residence the Royal Standard flies over the east front of Buckingham Palace. It has 600 rooms, a swimming pool, a cinema, a ballroom, and a garden, which is like a private park.

In summer the Queen gives three garden parties for about 9,000 guests. The ceremony of the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham Palace is a great tourist at­traction. It takes place daily at 11.30 a.m. and lasts half an hour. To the sound of music, the guardsmen arrive and pass the palace keys to another group.

Westminster Abbey is a symbol of English tradi­tion at its best. The coronation of nearly all English kings and queens since William the Conqueror has taken place here. Many of them are buried within the Abbey. There are also the graves of famous poets, writers, and states­men. Here you can see memorials to Newton, Darwin, Dickens, Chaucer and others.

The Houses of Parliament. It was once a royal pal­ace. Now it’s the seat of Government. In 1834 it was destroyed by fire. The new building was built in 1852. It contains 500 apartments.

Among them are the Central Hall, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. When the House is in session a Union Jack flies over the Tower by day, and a light burns in the clock Tower, or Big Ben by night.

The people of London can hear the sound of the bell every hour.

The Thames isn’t a long river. It’s three hundred and thirty kilometres long and it flows into the sea. The English people call it «The father of London». London began on the Thames. There is a museum of old ships on the Thames. These ships are from the history of Great Britain. One of them is the «Discovery» which went to the South Pole from 1901-1904. If we go down the Thames we pass the Port of London and arrive in Greenwich — a very old town. We can see the place where the Greenwich Meridian passes.

The London Eye

If you want to see London, the best place to go  the Eye. The Eye is a big wheel on the River Thames.

The Eye is very popular. Every day 1600 people go on the Eye. There are 33 capsules* and one ride takes 30 minutes.’

The Eye is very tall ~ 133 metres. At the top of the Eye you get a great view  of London. You can see for 25 miles (40 kilometres) but don’t go if you are afraid of  heights!

A great view!

At the top of the Eye you can see many places in London. Here are 5 things you can see from the Eye. Match the word halves to make these London icons.

Приложение II

Hello!

My name is Corinne Sharpe and I work with the British tourist authority —in London where I live. I have visited Russia many times and hope that one day you will visit Great Britain, for a holiday or to study English. We have many interesting places to see —lovely scenery, mountains, lakes and small villages. There are also many different customs in Scotland, Wales and England. Please come and visit us one day, you will be very welcome.

When you visit London, the best way to get around is the Londoners’ way— by public transport. Central London and the suburbs are well served by both the bus and Underground networks.

Londoners call their Underground train network the tube. It’s a fast, conve­nient and very easy way to travel.

London underground

1.  The city of London, England, grew rapidly in the 1800s. The streets of the city could not hold all the traffic. A young South African named Henry Gre-athead had a very simple idea. Why not build tunnels below the streets? Then trains could carry people through them.

2.  Henry Greathead talked about subways for 20 years. But people who owned land in London said that they owned the streets as well as all the land under the streets. The landowners wanted to be paid for the use of this land. Then the Subway Act of 1884 was passed. This law declared that the streets and the land under them were public property. They belonged to everyone. At last, Henry Greathead could build his subway tunnels.

3.  Henry made working underground safer by using new ways to construct his tunnels. He also invented special tools for the job. Henry built two tubes,

one on top of the other. Inside the tubes, electric engines pulled five-car trains. They could carry 160 passengers at 25 miles an hour. By 1890 the trains ran every three mi­nutes. The subway was a great success.

Soon, other large cities of the world built subways. Henry’s ideas were used in Paris, Boston and New York, but he never saw them. Henry Greathead died in 1895.

The Buses

Londoners are proud of their «big red bu­ses.»

These days some may not be red, but you will always be able to recognize them.

Buying your Ticket

There are four kinds of tickets: one-journey bus tickets (sold on the bus); weekly bus passes covering all of the zones; single or return tube tickets (sold at the tube station where you start your journey); and Travelcards. Prices vary according to distance and the number of zones you pass through.

Make sure you keep your ticket until your journey is completed — inspec­tors often check them.

Travelcards

You will find Travelcards very convenient for your trips around London. They give the freedom of London Transport buses and tubes. Travelcards are excellent value, saving you time and money. Travelcards can be bought for 1 day or 7 days.

Ticket gates

To enter the «tube» system in central London you simply put your ticket magnetic strip down in the slot on the right side of the gate you want to use. The gate will open when you remove your ticket. Leave the station in the same way —your ticket will be automatically returned to you if it is valid for another journey.

Phones

Telephone calls in the UK are expensive. There are no free local calls.

If you want to use the phone in your host family’s home, ask them first and offer to pay for the cost of the call.

You can make calls from public telephone boxes, which are either red (tra­ditional) or silver (modern). Some take green Phonecards, which you can buy from the Tourist Information Centre, Post Offices and many other shops dis­playing а ВТ sign in their window. Most phone boxes take coins.

There are public phone boxes outside most train and bus stations, outside most Post Offices, and throughout the town centre.

It costs the most to make calls 9am-1pm Monday to Friday. It is cheapest to call before 8am and after 4 pm.

Useful numbers (You don’t need money to dial these from a public call box, but they are NOT free from a private phone!):

100: The Operator: will help you make a call 24 hours a day.

155: For help in making an International call.

192: For help in finding a UK number, 24 hours a day.

153: For help finding an international number, 24 hours a day.

Corinne Sharpe

WORDLIST

  • complete [ksm’pliit] — завершать
  • single ticket [‘sirjgl] — билет на поездку в одну   сторону
  • host family—семья, в которой вы гостите                
  • local [‘buki] — местный
  • slot [sbt] — прорезь
  • magnetic strip [mseg’netik strip] — намагничен-
  • ticket [‘tikit] — билетная полоска
  • ticket gate [‘tikit geit] — турникет
  • pass through [‘pa:s 0ru:] — проезжать
  • Travelcard [‘traevlkaidj — проездной билет на автобус и метро
  • Phonecard [‘faunkcud] — телефонная карта
  • price [prais] — цена
  • valid [Vaelid] — годный
  • private phone—личный телефон
  • value [Vaelju:] — ценность
  • remove [ri’mirv] — продвигать
  • vary [Veari] — различаться
  • return ticket [ri’tain] — билет на поездку туда и обратно
  • weekly bus pass [‘wi:kli ‘c-as ‘pcus] — проездной автобусный билет на одну неделю

Приложение III

CULTURAL AWARENESS

Choose the correct explanation.

  1. Gatwick is the name of …
    1. the airport in London.
    2. the biggest travel agency in London.
    3. the famous travel bookshop in London.
  2. Which of the following is the name of the biggest airport in London?
    1. British Airways.
    2. Heathrow.
    3. Mediterranean.
  3. A tour, in which «all is included», is called a …
    1. coach tour.
    2. guided tour.
    3. package tour.
  4. At a «Request Stop» a bus will only stop …
    1. if it has a «bus stopping» sign.
    2. if you put out your arm.
    3. at certain hours.
  5. When you buy a «single» ticket, it means …
    1. you are travelling alone.
    2. you should come back the same day.
    3. you get a one-way journey.
  6. «Travel Card» is …
    1. a special ticket for travel in London on trains, buses, and the Underground.
    2. an atlas or street map of London.
    3. the name of the game which is played when travelling.

Приложение IV

Восстановите письмо

See you when you come back to Birmingham.

Dear Ann,

 I bought_ some souvenirs for my parents and a nice sweater for my sister.

Everything was fantastic. One day we went just to see the countryside.

The weather was wonderful.    I am a bit upset that my holidays have finished so quickly. But theywere great!

 We enjoyed ourselves so that we forgot

that our bus departed at 8 .pm.  Of course we missed

it and had to go back on foot. We were both very tired

when we arrived.      

 I am back in Birmingham now after a great holiday with Laura.

 Laura is my cousin. She sent me a letter and invited me to spend a month

 with her in Jopley.I accepted her invitation.  I really enjoyed it.

                                                                                         Love, Maria.

 

Самоанализ урока

Календарный номер данного урока -41, название урока: Travelling… what for?
Данный урок тесно связан с предыдущим и работает на выполнение заданной темы в последующих уроках. В группе 14 человек, группа по составу неоднородная, уровень знаний разный. Все учащиеся успевают. При планировании урока я делала упор на развитие  коммуникативных  умений как цель и средство формирования нескольких компетенций.

Коммуникативная компетенция может по праву рассматри­ваться как ведущая и стержневая, поскольку именно она лежит в основе всех других компетенций, а именно: информационной, соци­окультурной, социально-политической, а также готовности к обра­зованию и саморазвитию.

 Коммуникативную компетенцию сегодня необходимо пос­ледовательно формировать и развивать в тесной связи с учеб­ными и информационными умениями, готовностью к решению проблем на родном и на иностранном языке в единой логике.

 Коммуникативная компетенция рассматривается сегодня как одна из важнейших составляющих готовности и способности специалистов любого профиля к успешной профессиональной деятельности.

Эффективность обучения во многом определяется уровнем коммуникативных умений.

Используя современный деятельно-личностный коммуникативный подход в своей повседневной работе, я и сегодня применяла разнообразные формы и методы работы:

  • индивидуальные
  • парные
  • групповые
  • элементы проектного и модульного обучения
  • использование ИКТ

При работе с лексическим материалом я руководствовалась принципами:

  • доступности
  • посильности
  • кулътуросообразности
  • взаимообусловленности обучения и воспитания целостности и единства процесса обучения

Урок построен на сюжетной основе, которая располагает к разнообразным видам коммуникативных умений учащихся:

  • чтение
  • письмо
  • говорение
  • аудирование 

 В него включены все компоненты современного урока   направленности:

  • личностная ориентированность;
  • психологическая и физическая безопасность;

 Цели и задачи урока:

Наряду с обучающими, развивающими, воспитательными аспектами урок  направлен на:

  • развитие  коммуникативных  умений
  • поддержание здорового микроклимата в режиме «учитель —ученик»;
  • признание личности каждого ребенка;    

Урок начался с оргмомента.

После этого фонетическая зарядка, речевая зарядка, развитии различного рода коммуникативных навыков по теме урока.

При планировании и проведении данного урока я использовала такие методические приемы как прозрачность, варьирование темпа, разноуровневые задания, работа со всеми видами УМК, аудиовизуальность, работа с интерактивной доской.

Тип урока:

Урок комплексного применения знаний и умений учащихся, на котором осуществляется усвоение умений самостоятельно в комплексе применять знания, умения и навыки, осуществлять их перенос в новые условия.

Считаю, что урок эффективен, способствовал созданию благополучной психологической атмосферы. В ходе урока реализованы все цели и задачи. Время урока использовано рационально, перегрузка была предупреждена динамической паузой и сменой видов учебной деятельности. Урок носил творческий характер и вызвал положительные эмоции у учеников.

Домашнее задание было дано вовремя, оценки выставлены с пояснением.

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